Los Angeles County Department of Regional Planning

Zoning Ordinance Summary - Residential Zones

This is a SUMMARY ONLY of the Los Angeles County Zoning Ordinance (unincorporated area). The information herein is NOT ALL-INCLUSIVE.

One other thing to also keep in mind --USES MUST BE CONSISTENT WITH THE GENERAL PLAN, LOCAL PLANS, AND/OR COMMUNITY STANDARDS DISTRICTS. THESE MAY LIMIT THE TYPE AND INTENSITY OF USE.

For more complete information, see Title 22 (Planning and Zoning) of the Los Angeles County Code, or stop by the office of the Los Angeles County Department of Regional Planning, Room 1360 Hall of Records, 320 W. Temple St., Los Angeles, CA 90012. Phone: (213) 974-6411.


New Title 22 - Residential Zones (effective 2019-02-28)

New Title 22

Zone R-A: Residential Agricultural

Permitted Uses:

  • Single family residences (22.18.030.C)
  • Crops (field, tree, bush, berry, row and nursery stock) (22.18.030.C)

Minimum Required Area:

  • Unless otherwise specified 5000 sq. ft./lot (22.110.130.A.4.c, 22.110.140)

Maximum Height Limit:

  • 35 feet (22.18.040.C.1)

Minimum Required Parking:

  • 2 covered parking spaces per single family residence (22.112.070)

Standard Yard Requirements:

  • Front Yard: 20 feet (22.18.040)
  • Rear Yard: 15 feet (22.18.040)
  • Corner/Interior Side Yards: (22.18.040)
  • Reverse Corner Side: 10 feet
  • Lot: See 22.140.580 regarding development standards for single family residences

Development Standards:

  • (See 22.140.580 regarding development standards for single-family residences)

Zone R-1: Single-Family Residence

Permitted Uses:

  • Single family residences with accessory uses (22.18.030.C)

Minimum Required Area:

  • Unless otherwise specified: 5,000 sq. ft./lot (22.110.130, 22.110.140)

Maximum Height Limit:

  • 35 feet from existing or excavated grade (22.18.040.C.1) (unless modified by a special standards district such as a community standards district.)

Minimum Required Parking:

  • 2 covered parking spaces per single family residence (22.112.030)

Standard Yard Requirements:

  • Front Yard: 20 feet (22.18.040), except as provided in special Standards District
  • Rear Yard: 15 feet or 20% of average depth of shallow lot, but not less than 10 feet (22.18.040 and 22.110.080)
  • Side Yards: Interior Lot: 5 feet or 10% of average width of narrow lot, but not less than 3 feet (22.18.040 and 22.110.080)
  • Corner Lot: 5 feet except on reversed corner lot, which is 10 feet (22.18.040)

Development Standards:

  • (See 22.140.580 regarding development standards for single-family residences)

Zone R-2: Two-Family Residence

Permitted Uses:

  • Two family residences (or duplex), single family residences (22.18.030.C)

Minimum Required Area (Unless otherwise specified):

  • 5,000 sq. ft./lot (22.110.130)
  • 2,500 sq. ft./unit (22.110.140)

Maximum Height Limit:

  • 35 feet from existing or excavated grade (22.18.040.C.1). See special standards district

Minimum Required Parking:

  • 3 covered spaces + 1 covered or uncovered space per unit for each 2-family residence (duplex) (22.112.070)
  • 2 covered spaces for Single Family Residence, same as in R-1 zone (22.112.070)

Standard Yard Requirements:

  • Front Yard: 20 feet (22.18.040)
  • Rear Yard: 15 feet (22.18.040 and 22.110.080)
  • Interior/Corner Side: 5 feet (22. 18.040 and 22.110.080)
  • Reverse Corner Side: 10 feet (22.18.040)

Development Standards:

  • (See 22.140.580 regarding development standards for single-family residences)

Zone R-3: Limited Density Multiple Residence

Permitted Uses:

  • Apartment houses, uses permitted in Zone R-1 and R-2 (22.18.030.C)

Minimum Required Area (Unless otherwise specified):

  • 5000 sq. ft./lot (22.110.130.A.4)

Density:

  • 30 du/ac (22.110.120.B)

Maximum Height Limit:

  • 35 feet from existing or excavated grade (22.18.040.C.1)

Minimum Required Parking:

  • Each bachelor apartment unit, 1 covered space
  • Each efficiency or 1 bedroom apartment unit, 1 1/2 covered spaces
  • Each 2 bedroom apartment unit, 1 1/2 covered + 1/2 uncovered spaces
  • See R-1 and R-2 zones
  • Guest parking required for apartments with a minimum of 10 units at a ratio of 1 space for each 4 units (22.112.070 and 22.112: Parking)

Standard Yard Requirements:

  • Front Yard: 15 ft., except as provided (22.18.040)
  • Rear Yard: 15 ft. or 20% of average depth of lot, not less than 10 ft. (22. 18.040 and 22.110.080)
  • Interior/Corner Side: 5 feet or 10% of average width of narrow lot, but not less than 3 feet (22.18.040 and 22.110.080) Reversed Corner Side: 7 1/2 feet (22.18.040)

Development Standards:

  • (See 22.140.580 regarding development standards for single-family residences)

Zone R-4: Medium Density Multiple Residence

Permitted Uses:

  • Apartment houses, uses permitted in Zone R-3 (22.18.030.C)

Minimum Required Area (Unless otherwise specified):

  • 5000 sq. ft./lot (22.110.130.A.4)

Density:

  • 50 du/ac (22.110.120.C.), depending on the land use category

Maximum Height Limit:

  • 13 times the buildable area (22.18.040.C.2)

Minimum Required Parking:

  • See Chapter 22.112: Parking

Standard Yard Requirements:

  • Front Yard: 15 ft., except as provided (22.18.040)
  • Rear Yard: 15 ft. or 20% of average depth of lot, not less than 10 ft. (22. 18.040 and 22.110.080)
  • Interior/Corner Side Yards: 5 feet or 10% of average width of narrow lot, but not less than 3 feet (22.18.040 and 22.110.080)
  • Reversed Corner Side Yard: 7 1/2 feet (22.18.040)

Development Standards:

  • (See 22.140.580 regarding development standards for single-family residences)

Zone R-5: High Density Multiple Residence

Permitted Uses:

  • Apartment houses, uses permitted in Zone R-1 and R-2 (22.18.030.C)

Minimum Required Area (Unless otherwise specified):

  • 5000 sq. ft./lot (22.110.130)

Density:

  • 100-150 du/ac (22.110.120.D), depending on the land use category (22.110.120.D)

Maximum Height Limit:

  • 45 feet with stepback if adjacent to R-1 or R-2 zone (22.18.040.C.5),
  • 65 feet (22.18.040.C.5) (if not adjacent to R-1 or R-2 zone)

Minimum Required Parking:

  • See R-1 and R-2 zones (22.112.070)
  • See Chapter 22.112: Parking)

Standard Yard Requirements:

  • Front Yard: 5 feet (22.18.040)
  • All other Yards: 15 feet if adjacent to R-1 or R-2 zone, or 0 feet if not adjacent to R-1 and R-2 zone (22.18.040)

Zone RPD: Residential Planned Development

Permitted Uses:

  • Single family residences (22.18.030.C)
  • Planned unit development with approved CUP (22.18.030.C)

Minimum Required Area (unless otherwise specified)

  • 5000 sq. ft./lot (22.110.130.A.4 and 22.110.140)
  • 5 acres/development project (22.18.040)
  • Density - as established by CUP & zoning (22.18.020 and (22.18.060.C.2)

Maximum Height Limit:

  • 35 feet (22.18.060)
  • As established by CUP (22.18.060)

Minimum Required Parking:

  • See Chapter 22.112: Parking

Density:

  • As established by CUP and zoning (22.18.020)

Standard Yard Requirements:

  • All yards: same as R-1 (22.18.030) or as established by CUP
  • The Regional Planning Commission, in approving a CUP for a planned development, may modify or require greater yards than those required in a normal single-family residential development. Building separation is a minimum of 10 feet for 1 and 2 stories. Add 2 feet for each story above 2 stories (22.18.020)

Development Standards:

  • (See 22.140.580 regarding development standards for single-family residences)
  • The CUP will regulate the type of structures, open space, building coverage, utilities, landscaping, and other features.

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Please note that effective February 28, 2019, the following Code section references have been updated as listed above.
Visit Title 22 for more information.


Zone R-1: Single Family Residence

Permitted Uses:

  • Single family residences (22.20.070 - 22.20.100)

Minimum Required Area:

  • Unless otherwise specified: 5,000 sq. ft./lot (22.52.100, 22.52.250)

Maximum Height Limit:

  • 35 feet from existing or excavated grade (22.20.110) (unless modified by a special standards district such as a community standards district.)

Minimum Required Parking:

  • 2 covered parking spaces per single family residence (22.52.1180)

Standard Yard Requirements:

  • Front Yard: 20 feet (22.20.120), except as provided in special Standards District
  • Rear Yard: 15 feet or 20% of average depth of shallow lot, but not less than 10 feet (22.20.120 and 22.48.110)
  • Side Yards: Interior Lot: 5 feet or 10% of average width of narrow lot, but not less than 3 feet (22.20.120 and 22.48.100)
  • Corner Lot: 5 feet except on reversed corner lot, which is 10 feet (22.20.120)

Development Standards:

  • (See 22.20.105 regarding development standards for single-family residences)

Zone R-2: Two Family Residence

Permitted Uses:

  • Two family residences (or duplex), single family residences (22.20.170 - 22.20.200)

Minimum Required Area (Unless otherwise specified):

  • 5,000 sq. ft./lot (22.52.100)
  • 2,500 sq. ft./unit (22.52.270)

Maximum Height Limit:

  • 35 feet from existing or excavated grade (22.20.210). See special standards district

Minimum Required Parking:

  • 1 1/2 covered spaces + 1/2 uncovered space per unit for each 2- family residence (duplex)
  • Single Family Residence, same as in R-1 zone (22.52.1180)

Standard Yard Requirements:

  • Front Yard: 20 feet (22.20.220)
  • Rear Yard: 15 feet or 20% of average depth of shallow lot, but not less than 10 feet (22.20.220 and 22.48.110)
  • Side Yards: Interior lot: 5 feet or 10% of average width of narrow lot, but not less than 3 feet (22.20.220 and 22.48.100)
  • Corner lot: 5 feet, except on reversed corner lot, which is 10 feet (22.20.220)

Zone R-3: Limited Multiple Residence

Permitted Uses:

  • Apartment houses, uses permitted in Zone R-1 and R-2 (22.20.260 - 22.20.290)

Minimum Required Area (Unless otherwise specified):

  • 5000 sq. ft./lot (22.52.100)
  • 1452 sq. ft./unit or as otherwise limited by the General Plan (22.20.310 and 22.20.060)

Maximum Height Limit:

  • 35 feet from existing or excavated grade (22.20.300)

Minimum Required Parking:

  • Each bachelor apartment unit, 1 covered space
  • Each efficiency or 1 bedroom apartment unit, 1 1/2 covered spaces
  • Each 2 bedroom apartment unit, 1 1/2 covered + 1/2 uncovered spaces
  • See R-1 and R-2 zones
  • Guest parking required for apartments with a minimum of 10 units at a ratio of 1 space for each 4 units (22.52.1180 and 22.20.330)

Standard Yard Requirements:

  • Front Yard: 15 ft., except as provided (22.20.320)
  • Rear Yard: 15 ft. or 20% of average depth of lot, not less than 10 ft. (22.20.320 and 22.48.110)
  • Side Yards: Interior Lot: 5 feet or 10% of average width of narrow lot, but not less than 3 feet (22.20.320 and 22.48.100) Corner Lot: 5 ft., except on reversed corner lot, which is 7 1/2 feet (22.20.320)

Zone R-A: Residential Agriculture

Permitted Uses:

  • Single family residences
  • Crops (field, tree, bush, berry, row and nursery stock) (22.20.410 - 22.20.440)

Minimum Required Area:

  • Unless otherwise specified 5000 sq. ft./lot (22.52.100, 22.52.250)

Maximum Height Limit:

  • 35 feet (22.20.450)

Minimum Required Parking:

  • 2 covered parking spaces per single family residence (22.52.1180)

Standard Yard Requirements:

  • Front Yard: Same as R-1 (22.20.450)
  • Rear Yard: Same as R-1 (22.20.450)
  • Side Yards: Same as R-1 (22.20.450)
  • Corner Lot: See 22.20.105 regarding development standards for single family residences

Zone RPD: Residential Planned Development

Permitted Uses:

  • Single family residences (22.20.460A)
  • Planned unit development with approved CUP (22.20.460B)

Minimum Required Area (unless otherwise specified)

  • 5000 sq. ft./lot (22.52.100, 22.52.250)
  • 5 acres/development project (22.20.460B1)
  • Density - as established by CUP & zoning (22.20.460B2)

Maximum Height Limit:

  • 35 feet (22.20.460)
  • As established by CUP (22.20.460)

Minimum Required Parking:

  • Same as R-1 (22.52.1180)
  • Same as R-1 through R-4, depending on type of structure or as required by CUP (22.20.460)

Density:

  • As established by CUP and zoning (22.20.460 B2)

Standard Yard Requirements and Development Standards:

  • All yards: same as R-1 (22.20.460A)
  • The Regional Planning Commission, in approving a CUP for a planned development, may modify or require greater yards than those required in a normal single family residential development. Building separation is a minimum of 10 feet for 1 and 2 stories. Add 2 feet for each story above 2 stories (22.20.460B)

The CUP will regulate the type of structures, open space, building coverage, utilities, landscaping, and other features.